Moving into the future with Controlled Pneumatics
The production of tyres and the production of wafers seem to have absolutely nothing to do with each other. In terms of automation technology, however, they use the same technology: Controlled Pneumatics. That is why Festo has further developed compressed air technology to make pneumatics sustainable, resource-saving and energy-efficient.
In Controlled Pneumatics, Festo combines proportional technology, sensors and control algorithms to form a control loop. These are mechatronic pneumatic systems with innovative valve and communication technology that enable digital influence in conjunction with closed-loop control based on a sensor variable. This technology creates new areas of application, especially for pressure and flow control, that push the limits of pneumatics and enable simpler, more reliable, faster, more precise and more efficient solutions. Conventional standard pneumatics, on the other hand, are used specifically for simple applications such as point-to-point movements. It is above all the simplicity of standard pneumatics that makes it the ideal solution in many cases.
A prime example of a Controlled Pneumatics product is the Festo Motion Terminal VTEM, which Festo is using to digitise pneumatics. This automation platform uses piezo technology and Motion Apps that can replace over 50 individual components within a pneumatic control circuit.
When applied to tyre production, there is a potential for savings in the loading processes in the curing presses: with the Motion App “Selectable pressure level”, the Festo Motion Terminal allows the green tyre blank (raw tyre without tread) to be gently fed into the press. The smaller the fluctuations of the handling system during loading, the more the feeding-in speed can be increased. The process for each tyre is thus accelerated by several seconds. This doesn’t sound like much at first, but with roughly 1.8 billion car tyres produced each year, this can result in considerable sums for each tyre manufacturer. Another advantage of controlled pneumatics is that it reduces the impact forces and thus significantly increases the service life of the components used.
Less pressure = less energy
In practice, it is not just that the loading operations are accelerated, they also require less energy because pressure can be reduced and so compressed air consumption is also decreased. In addition, calculations reveal compressed air savings of nearly 33% when comparing the movement of the horizontally installed pneumatic cylinder DSBC with standard pneumatics, and of nearly 75% when the same cylinder is installed vertically. Just for controlling the vertical and horizontal cylinders, energy savings of roughly 60% are achieved during these loading and unloading operations.
The Motion App “Leakage diagnostics” is also used, since it simplifies maintenance and automatically monitors leakages. Malfunctions can thus be detected and pinpointed to a specific actuator using diagnostic cycles and defined threshold values. This results in a reliable basis for predictive maintenance.
Furthermore, the Festo Motion Terminal can close off the faulty air duct, thus avoiding the supply of more and more compressed air if there is a leak. The innovative automation platform thereby prevents unnecessary air consumption.
Piezo technology prevents wear
When, on the other hand, wafers need to be transported and stored in the semiconductor industry, the N2 purge system from Festo prevents oxygen from oxidising the wafers. The cost-efficient flow controller therefore continuously supplies the atmosphere around the wafer with inert nitrogen. The flow controller, also known as the mass flow controller MFC, is based on piezo technology and integrated sensor technology.
The design of the piezo valve reduces the risk of contamination of the gas flow caused by particle abrasion over the entire service life. The peak value is around a particle size of 0.1 micrometres per switching cycle. Conventional solutions generate five times the particle content. The piezo technology used prevents wear caused by friction, thus considerably increasing the service life of the valve. In comparison to conventional solutions, this results in significant savings in operation and maintenance.
Low intrinsic energy consumption saves money
Thanks to its design, the directly operated flow controller reduces the risk of leakages. The electrical energy consumption is less than a watt. That is 80% less than with conventional solutions in both cases. The closed control loop ensures an accurate, stable and linear behaviour of the flow rate, with only minimal hysteresis. The repetition accuracy is +/-0.25% of the setpoint value.
With Controlled Pneumatics, the related digitalisation and with piezo technology, Festo is taking compressed air technology to a new technological level that is resource-saving, energy-efficient and sustainable.
Festo is a global player and an independent family-owned company with headquarters in Esslingen am Neckar, Germany. Festo has set standards in industrial automation technology and technical education ever since its establishment, thereby making a contribution to sustainable development of the environment, the economy and society. The company supplies pneumatic and electrical automation technology to 300,000 customers of factory and process automation in over 35 industries. The LifeTech sector with medical technology and laboratory automation is becoming increasingly important. The products and services are available in 176 countries. With about 20,700 employees in over 250 branch offices in 61 countries worldwide, Festo achieved a turnover of around €3.36 billion in 2021. Each year around 7% of this turnover is invested in research and development. In this learning company, 1.5 % of turnover is invested in basic and further training. Festo Didactic SE is a leading provider of technical education and training and offers its customers worldwide comprehensive digital and physical learning solutions in the industrial environment.